New Testament Bible Class

Order of the Old Testament Books

The Old Testament order now used is very similar to that of the Hebrew Old Testament.  Both orders include the same content, and that’s what’s most important.  But, we use Bibles that separate some of the Hebrew books in two.  The chart below may be of help.  Since the books are grouped by type and then placed in a rough chronological order, they cause the Old Testament  to “skip around a lot”.  For example, Psalms was written during the time of the Kings but is grouped with the other poetic or wisdom books. 

Tanakh  (ta’nax)

 Hebrew Scripture35 books.

Protestant Order of the Books of Old TestamentExpands Samuel, Kings, Chronicles each into two books, and divides Ezra into Ezra & Nehemiah = 39 books. The Roman Catholic OT and Easter Orthodox OT include books that Protestants consider apocryphal.  Luther: These books are not held equal to the Sacred Scriptures, and yet are useful and good for reading. How the Old Testament Books Are Grouped Timeline of the Old Testament: The books of the Old Testament are not necessarily placed in chronological order. Many of the prophetical and poetical books take place during the periods written about in the historical books. Here are the books of the Old Testament in a more chronological order:  
               Torah (The Law)
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Nevi’im (The Prophets)
Joshua
Judges
Samuel
Kings Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
Ketuvim (The Writings)
Psalms
Proverbs
Job
Song of Songs
Ruth
Lamentations
Ecclesiastes
Esther
Daniel
Ezra  (includes Nehemiah) Chronicles
              Historical BooksFive Books of MosesGenesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
 
Joshua
Judges
Ruth
1 Samuel
2 Samuel
1 Kings
2 Kings
1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah
Esther
         Job
Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
Song of Songs
           
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
  Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi

The Historical Books : The first 17 books of the Old Testament are considered historical, because they outline the history of the Hebrew people. They discuss the creation of man and the development of the nation of Israel. The first five (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) are also known at the Pentateuch, and they define Hebrew law. Here are the historical books of the Old Testament:  Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy   Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther  The Poetical Books: The poetical books contain the poetry of the Hebrew nation and they provide the reader with important stories, poetry, and wisdom. They are the 5 books after the historical books of the Old Testament. Here are the poetical books:

  • Job
  • Psalms
  • Proverbs
  • Ecclesiastes
  • Song of Solomon

 The Prophetical Books: The prophetical books of the Old Testament are those that define the prophecy for Israel. The books are divided among major prophets and minor prophets. These are the prophetical books of the Old Testament:Major Prophets:  (long)

  • Isaiah
  • Jeremiah
  • Lamentations
  • Ezekiel
  • Daniel

 Minor Prophets:  (short)

  • Hosea
  • Joel
  • Amos
  • Obadiah
  • Jonah
  • Micah
  • Nahum
  • Habakkuk
  • Zephaniah
  • Haggai
  • Zechariah
  • Malachi

  • Genesis
    • Job (written during the time of Genesis)
  • Exodus
  • Leviticus
  • Numbers
  • Deuteronomy
  • Joshua
  • Judges
    • Ruth(written during the time of Judges)
  • 1 Samuel
  • 2 Samuel
    • 1 Chronicles & Psalms (written during the time of 2 Samuel)
  • 1 Kings
    • Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, & 2 Chronicles (written during the time of 1 Kings)
  • 2 Kings
    • Hosea, Amos, Habakkuk, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Joel, Micah, Zephaniah, Lamentations, Jonah, Nahum, & Obadiah (written during the time of 2 Kings)
  • Ezekiel
  • Daniel
  • Ezra
    • Esther, Haggai, & Zechariah (written during the time of Ezra)
  • Nehemiah
  • Malachi (written during the time of Nehemiah)

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